17 Chapter 2: Doing Fieldwork: Methods in Cultural Anthropology Quiz

ANT112 OER SACC Quiz Questions

Chapter 2: Fieldwork: Methods in Cultural Anthropology

True / False questions are identified by the “T” or “F” in front of the statement.

Multiple-choice questions identify the correct answer with a “+”.  Multiple-choice question alternatives (answer and distractors) should be randomized.

  • F:   In anthropology, “contested identity” refers to a conflict in the identity of the anthropologist.
  • Margaret Mead wrote a famous monograph, titled _________________.

+   Coming of Age in Samoa

The Raw and the Cooked

Guns, Germs, and Steel

Argonauts of the Western Pacific

  • “Thick description” is a term coined by anthropologist Clifford Geertz. This type of ethnographic text includes a detailed description of an event or behavior, and _________________.

+  The anthropological interpretation of the event or behavior

A cross-cultural comparison of the event or behavior, as seen in another culture

The detailed background of the anthropologist writing the description

The background of the group that is funding the research

  • F:  “Emic” and “etic” are two important perspectives in anthropology. The emic perspective uses political, historical, and economic research to offer an explanation of the culture created by those who are outside of the culture.
  • T:   The emic perspective utilizes the descriptions of behaviors or beliefs in a culture in ways that are meaningful to a member of that culture or a cultural insider.
  • _________________ pioneered the method of participant observation.

+  Bronislaw Malinowski

Franz Boas

Alfred Cort Haddon

Margaret Mead

  • In Argonauts of the Western Pacific, Malinowski discusses an important ritual that he observed and participated in, called the __________________.

+   Kula Ring

Pacific Ocean Dance

Haka

Ta Moko

  • “__________________ anthropology” was an early approach to anthropological research. It assumed that “primitive” cultures were disappearing and should be documented and preserved before they disappeared.

+   Salvage

Preservationist

Participant

Emic

  • The four-field approach to anthropology, sometimes called general anthropology, integrates research from the four subfields of anthropology: archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and __________________.

+ Biological/physical anthropology

Medical/forensic anthropology

Feminist anthropology

Primate anthropology

  • T:   The holistic perspective integrates multiple scientific and humanistic perspectives in research.
  • The __________________ research strategy used by anthropologists has been adapted by many other disciplines, including psychology, political science, sociology, and education.

+  Ethnographic

Documentarist

Salvage

Armchair

  • T:   Ethnographic fieldwork sites include remote areas of the world, urban centers, and electronic social media.
  • F:   Ethnographers using an inductive research strategy generally have a predetermined and narrowly defined research topic.
  • Quantitative research methods use data from sources such as maps, textual descriptions, and __________________.

+   Surveys

Open-ended interview questions

Informal observation

Participant observation

  • __________________ is the tendency to view the ways of your own culture as the correct way to do things, and to judge other cultures by the standards of your culture.

+   Ethnocentrism

Cultural relativism

Cultural privilege

Ethno-realism

  • F:   Interpretive anthropology uses both inductive and deductive reasoning to analyze a cultural behavior as a “text”.
  • “Participant observation” is an ethnographic research technique that includes observing and participating in activities with the people in the culture being studied. This often involves developing a sense of __________________ with the people in the group.

+   Rapport

Ethnocentrism

Genealogy

Uncontested identity

  • T:   A life history is a personal narrative of person’s life, and can provide a deeper context to understand how a culture is experienced by a member of the group.
  • The genealogical method involves using symbols and diagrams to document relationships between members of a group (usually kin relationships). Some of the common symbols are:

+  circles for females, triangles for males, and equal sign for a union between individuals.

circles for males, triangles for females, and equal sign for a union between individuals.

circles for females, triangles for males, and vertical line for a union between individuals.

circles for males, triangles for females, and vertical line for a union between individuals.

  • The work of __________________ is an example of the use of reflexive insight in his analysis of grieving rituals among the Ilongot.

+   Renato Rosaldo

Clifford Geertz

Ruth Benedict

Benjamin Whorf

  • F:   All researchers should follow strict ethical guidelines in their research. The anthropological interpretation of the guideline, “Do No Harm,” refers to the biological aspects of research, and the physical harm that people may encounter.
  • T:   The anthropological understanding of “informed consent” means that consent must be obtained from subjects before conducting any research.
  • Anthropologists may use __________________ in an effort to more fully represent the people and the culture they are studying.

+  Polyvocalic texts

Salvage anthropology

Social evolution

Historical particularism

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