ANT112 OER SACC Quiz Questions
Chapter 9: Political Anthropology: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
True / False questions are identified by the “T” or “F” in front of the statement.
Multiple-choice questions identify the correct answer with a “+”. Multiple-choice question alternatives (answer and distractors) should be randomized.
- F: As societies become more complex, their means of control over their members decreases.
- The two main forces that govern political workings within societies are authority and ______________.
- _______________ is the ability to induce people to behave in specific ways, by threatening or using physical force, or coercion.
- _______________ is the ability to induce people to behave in specific ways, by the use of persuasion.
- T: Legitimacy is a term that refers to the belief that a certain person has the right to leadership over others.
- T: The right for one individual or group to rule over others has been justified in many societies in various ways. These include hereditary succession supernatural beliefs.
- The term, ______________________, refers to a style of group organization in which the members refuse to allow one person to exercise power over them.
+ reverse dominance
- According to Julian Steward, the family functions as the main political component, among the _______________.
- Elman Service categorized groups in four different levels of socio-cultural integration. They are the band, _______________, state, and tribe.
- Which of these groups, generally speaking, prefer to exercise authority more often than power?
- In a(n) _______________ society, there are no large differences in power, status and wealth among its members.
- F: In band-level political organization, the number of people in a specific band is usually more than 100 members.
- The leader of a foraging band may described as:
+ the first among equals
the best hunter
the best gatherer
the most knowledgeable
- Ways that disputes are settled among band-level social groups include ridicule and _______________.
+ duels using songs and chants
going before a judge
asking a formal mediator for help
going to a court of law
- Among the Mbuti, elders use _______________ to help settle disputes within their group.
courts of law
- A _______________ society includes at least two groups that are distinguished from one another, but are linked together through their social institutions.
- F: A big man is a hereditary leadership style in which the leader gains permanent influence over his followers.
- T: The age sets among the Tiriki of Kenya are an example of a sodality.
- In many of the tribes of New Guinea, the _______________ is a way to draw people together from different family lineages in a village.
+ men’s house
communal children’s house
- Marcel Maus, who wrote about “total prestations,” said that when people meet for the first time, they have three options for creating a relationship. One of them is:
+ pass by and never see each other again.
pass by and then turn around to make an acquaintance.
pass by and then seek a mediator to introduce them to each other.
pass by and then start a feud for resources.
- T: Among the Maori, the “hau” is the “spirit of the gift,” and it should be given back to its owner.
- Examples of segmentary lineages, where lineages are hierarchically categorized, can be found among the _______________, the Tiv, and the Bedouin.
- As explained in the text, the famous Bedouin proverb below is an example of what type of lineage?
“I against my brother
I and my brother against my cousin
I, my brother, and my cousin against the world”
- One example of an ordeal, practiced by the Azande in Africa, includes the use of a _______________ oracle.
- A mediator among the Nuer is named for the type of garment worn by that person. What is that garment made of?
+ Leopard skin
- What is the difference between a raid and a feud?
+ A feud includes continuing hostilities between two groups
A raid includes long-term use of physical force.
The goal of a feud is to steal women from another village.
The goal of a raid is to gain territory from another group.
- In a chiefdom, people of different ranks are differentiated by the way they adorn themselves. This is related to _______________.
+ sumptuary rules
- T: A chiefdom is an example of a ranked society, and includes rules of succession for the office of the chief.
- Among the Northwest Coast Indians, a potlatch included a _______________, and validated the chief’s position in his group.
+ a redistribution of goods
salmon fishing ceremony
- The Haida have _______________ clans.
- The Natchez peoples used marriage as a way to reinforce dominance, but also allowed for upward mobility among four classes. Which one of these pairings allowed for upward mobility for their children?
+ A Great Sun woman marries a stinkard.
A stinkard marries another stinkard.
A stinkard man marries a Grey Owl woman.
A Grey Owl man marries a Great Sun woman.
- The four varna in India’s caste system include Brahmins, Kshatriya, Sudras, and _______________.
- The four varna of the caste system in India are correlated to the parts of Manu. What part is represented by the Kshatriya?
- In the jajmani relationship, the receiver of the service is called the _______________.
- The caste system in India is based on Hinduism, and includes a belief that what one does in this life is the result of what was done in previous lives. This is referred to as _______________.
- Which group of people in Japan has a status that is similar to the Dalits in India?
- T: An important aspect of a state is the use of ideologies that reinforce the right of the ruler to exercise power over others.
- A state is not the same as a nation. A nation is a(n):
+ ethnic population.
coercive political institution.
conglomeration of several different ethnic groups.
- _______________ is the term used for the movement of people in areas outside of their homeland.
- In Guatemala, the president privatized the land that had been held in common by the Mayan peasants. This loss of land is an example of _______________.
the haciendada system
- The Code of ________________ is considered the first known system of codified laws.
- Warfare is most widespread in _______________.
- ISIS is a _______________.
- According to Atwan, there are two kinds of states: declaratory and _______________.
- In ISIS, the “hisbah” are the _______________ police.