50 Chapter 9: Political Anthropology: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Quiz

ANT112 OER SACC Quiz Questions

Chapter 9: Political Anthropology: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

True / False questions are identified by the “T” or “F” in front of the statement.

Multiple-choice questions identify the correct answer with a “+”.  Multiple-choice question alternatives (answer and distractors) should be randomized.

  • F:   As societies become more complex, their means of control over their members decreases.
  • The two main forces that govern political workings within societies are authority and ______________.

+   power

redistribution

taxation

military

  • _______________ is the ability to induce people to behave in specific ways, by threatening or using physical force, or coercion.

+   Power

Authority

Military might

Political endorsement

  • _______________ is the ability to induce people to behave in specific ways, by the use of persuasion.

+    Authority

Power

Political endorsement

Politics

  • T:    Legitimacy is a term that refers to the belief that a certain person has the right to leadership over others.
  • T:    The right for one individual or group to rule over others has been justified in many societies in various ways. These include hereditary succession supernatural beliefs.
  • The term, ______________________, refers to a style of group organization in which the members refuse to allow one person to exercise power over them.

+   reverse dominance

reverse colonialism

inverted dominance

inverted colonialism

  • According to Julian Steward, the family functions as the main political component, among the _______________.

+   Shoshone

!Kung

Aka

Mbuti

  • Elman Service categorized groups in four different levels of socio-cultural integration. They are the band, _______________, state, and tribe.

+   chiefdom

fiefdom

peasant

caste

  • Which of these groups, generally speaking, prefer to exercise authority more often than power?

+    Foragers

Pastoralists

Agriculturalists

Chiefdoms

  • In a(n) _______________ society, there are no large differences in power, status and wealth among its members.

+   egalitarian

chiefdom

pastoral

state

  • F:   In band-level political organization, the number of people in a specific band is usually more than 100 members.
  • The leader of a foraging band may described as:

+   the first among equals

the best hunter

the best gatherer

the most knowledgeable

  • Ways that disputes are settled among band-level social groups include ridicule and _______________.

+    duels using songs and chants

going before a judge

asking a formal mediator for help

going to a court of law

  • Among the Mbuti, elders use _______________ to help settle disputes within their group.

+     humor

courts of law

chanting duels

song duels

  • A _______________ society includes at least two groups that are distinguished from one another, but are linked together through their social institutions.

+    tribal

forager

band

chiefdom

  • F:    A big man is a hereditary leadership style in which the leader gains permanent influence over his followers.
  • T:    The age sets among the Tiriki of Kenya are an example of a sodality.
  • In many of the tribes of New Guinea, the _______________ is a way to draw people together from different family lineages in a village.

+    men’s house

women’s house

communal children’s house

spirit house

  • Marcel Maus, who wrote about “total prestations,” said that when people meet for the first time, they have three options for creating a relationship.  One of them is:

+   pass by and never see each other again.

pass by and then turn around to make an acquaintance.

pass by and then seek a mediator to introduce them to each other.

pass by and then start a feud for resources.

  • T:   Among the Maori, the “hau” is the “spirit of the gift,” and it should be given back to its owner.
  • Examples of segmentary lineages, where lineages are hierarchically categorized, can be found among the _______________, the Tiv, and the Bedouin.

+   Nuer

Mandan

Shoshone

Aka

  • As explained in the text, the famous Bedouin proverb below is an example of what type of lineage?

“I against my brother

I and my brother against my cousin

I, my brother, and my cousin against the world”

+   Segmentary

Familial

Cross-cutting

Patriate

  • One example of an ordeal, practiced by the Azande in Africa, includes the use of a _______________ oracle.

+    poison

snake

boiling water

shaman

  • A mediator among the Nuer is named for the type of garment worn by that person. What is that garment made of?

+    Leopard skin

Snake skin

Oxen hide

Lion mane

  • What is the difference between a raid and a feud?

+  A feud includes continuing hostilities between two groups

A raid includes long-term use of physical force.

The goal of a feud is to steal women from another village.

The goal of a raid is to gain territory from another group.

  • In a chiefdom, people of different ranks are differentiated by the way they adorn themselves. This is related to _______________.

+     sumptuary rules

hierarchical dressage

body dysmorphia

age sets

  • T:    A chiefdom is an example of a ranked society, and includes rules of succession for the office of the chief.
  • Among the Northwest Coast Indians, a potlatch included a _______________, and validated the chief’s position in his group.

+     a redistribution of goods

song duel

shamanic dance

salmon fishing ceremony

  • The Haida have _______________ clans.

+    four

three

seven

ten

  • The Natchez peoples used marriage as a way to reinforce dominance, but also allowed for upward mobility among four classes. Which one of these pairings allowed for upward mobility for their children?

+   A Great Sun woman marries a stinkard.

A stinkard marries another stinkard.

A stinkard man marries a Grey Owl woman.

A Grey Owl man marries a Great Sun woman.

  • The four varna in India’s caste system include Brahmins, Kshatriya, Sudras, and _______________.

+   Vaishyas

Harijan

Dalit

Rasa

  • The four varna of the caste system in India are correlated to the parts of Manu. What part is represented by the Kshatriya?

+   arms

head

legs

feet

  • In the jajmani relationship, the receiver of the service is called the _______________.

+kamin

jati

jajman

Harijan

  • The caste system in India is based on Hinduism, and includes a belief that what one does in this life is the result of what was done in previous lives. This is referred to as _______________.

+   karma

dalit

jajman

rasa

  • Which group of people in Japan has a status that is similar to the Dalits in India?

+   Burakumin

Sudras

Aineapa

Manu

  • T:   An important aspect of a state is the use of ideologies that reinforce the right of the ruler to exercise power over others.
  • A state is not the same as a nation. A nation is a(n):

+    ethnic population.

coercive political institution.

conglomeration of several different ethnic groups.

military power.

  • _______________ is the term used for the movement of people in areas outside of their homeland.

+    Diaspora

Proletarianization

Redistribution

Segmentary lineage

  • In Guatemala, the president privatized the land that had been held in common by the Mayan peasants. This loss of land is an example of _______________.

+    proletarianization

the haciendada system

redistribution

communism

  • The Code of ________________ is considered the first known system of codified laws.

+   Hammurabi

the Inca

ISIS

the Romans

  • Warfare is most widespread in _______________.

+   states

foraging cultures

chiefdoms

pastoral societies

  • ISIS is a _______________.

+    theocracy

democracy

republic

monarchy

  • According to Atwan, there are two kinds of states: declaratory and _______________.

+   constitutive

shell

republic

democratic

  • In ISIS, the “hisbah” are the _______________ police.

+   moral

thought

regular

cross-cultural

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