Light is Radiative energy , which can be split into a spectrum . A spectrum is the light’s component colors or wavelengths. Light can be split into its component colors or wavelengths by using a prism or diffraction grating.
Light comes in particle bundles, called photons. These photons travel at 186,000 mi/s or 300,000 km/s (3 X 108 m/s) . The Speed of Light, c, is an absolute; you cannot go faster than c. (the speed of light).
Light also moves in waves . Particles moving in waves are referred to as an Electromagnetic wave ; a wave in which both electric and magnetic waves “interact” or vibrate. The Wavelength is the distance between adjacent peaks on the wave, and the wave’s Frequency is the number of peaks that pass a specific point in a second.