6 Study Guide: Process of Science

Study Questions

Use this page to check your understanding of the content.
Objective:  Apply the process of scientific inquiry to design experiments, analyze data, and evaluate sources of information.
  1. Science
  2. The scientific method
  3. Psuedoscience
  4. Hypothesis
  5. Theory
  6. Independent variable
  7. Dependent variable
  8. Standardized variable
  9. Experimental group
  10. Control group
  11. Positive control
  12. Negative control
  13. Observation
  14. Inference

Study Guide Questions

  1. Be able to answer (and explain) any of the “What is Science” survey questions.
  2. What is the scientific definition of the word “theory”?  How does this differ from the casually used definition of the word “theory”?
  3. What is the difference between a hypothesis and a theory?
  4. Be able to clearly describe the types of questions that SCIENCE can be used to answer…and the types of questions that SCIENCE cannot be used to answer.
  5. What do you think about The Scientific Method?  Should it be taught in this class? Why or why not?
  6. Be able to determine if a claim is pseudoscience, and defend your position.
  7. What are the critical components of experimental design?
  8. Distinguish between positive and negative controls.
  9. Distinguish between observations and inferences.
  10. Distinguish between independent, dependent and standardized variables.
  11. Be able to analyze the design of a given experiment and make suggestions for improvement.
  12. Design an experiment to answer any question.


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Fundamentals of Biology II Copyright © 2014 by Lumen Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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